Bauhaus: the artistic innovation that inspired contemporary dance and performing art

In the artistic landscape of the 20th century, the Bauhaus stands out as a revolutionary movement that transformed the very concept of art and influenced various creative disciplines, including the world of contemporary dance and performing art. In this article, we will explore the significance of the Bauhaus, its historical importance, and how it contributed to the birth and evolution of the performing arts.

What is the Bauhaus?

The Bauhaus, founded in 1919 in Germany, was an art movement and art school with the goal of combining art, design and craftsmanship. Founded by visionary architect Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus philosophy was based on the idea of creating art that was functional and integrated with everyday life. Bauhaus artists worked in a variety of disciplines, including painting, sculpture, architecture, industrial design and performing arts.

Bauhaus and contemporary dance

The Bauhaus profoundly influenced the world of contemporary dance, providing a platform for interdisciplinarity and artistic experimentation. Through the Bauhaus, dance was seen as a total art, in which body movement, music, and set design were united in a single artistic expression. Artists such as Oskar Schlemmer explored human movement in relation to space, creating choreography that broke with the traditions of classical ballet and experimented with new forms of expression. These experiments laid the foundation for the evolution of contemporary dance, opening up new creative possibilities and pushing dancers to explore new territories of expression.

The influence of the Bauhaus on performing art

The Bauhaus contributed significantly to the emergence of performing art, which is based on the idea of combining different art forms into a single performance. The Bauhaus school promoted interdisciplinarity, paving the way for new forms of performance that integrate dance, theater, music, set design and other visual arts. Bauhaus artists explored the concept of “total theater,” in which all scenic elements come together to create a complete and engaging artistic experience for the audience. This innovative approach influenced the creation of multidisciplinary performances, in which body movement and artistic expression are combined with the use of technology and scenic installations, transforming performance into an immersive and interactive experience.

The legacy of the Bauhaus in contemporary dance and performing art today

The influence of the Bauhaus on contemporary dance and performing art is still reflected today. Contemporary artists continue to embrace the Bauhaus philosophy, seeking interdisciplinarity and experimenting with new forms of expression that combine movement, music, set design, and technology. The Bauhaus legacy manifests itself in innovative shows, immersive installations and site-specific performances that challenge artistic conventions and create an interactive dialogue with the audience.

Artists such as Oskar Schlemmer, with his visionary choreography that incorporated geometric costumes and bold use of space, broke new ground for contemporary dance. Other artists such as Kurt Jooss and Mary Wigman embraced the interdisciplinary Bauhaus approach, combining dance, theater, and music to create performances that told complex and engaging stories.

In the field of performing art, artists such as Marina Abramović, Laurie Anderson and Robert Wilson have been inspired by the Bauhaus approach to create performances that break down barriers between the arts. Using body movement, the use of technologies, and audience interaction, these artists create total art experiences that challenge conventions and engage audiences in a multisensory experience.

In conclusion, the Bauhaus represented a revolution in art and profoundly influenced contemporary dance and performing art. Its philosophy of arts integration and experimentation continues to inspire today’s artists as they seek new ways to explore and combine different forms of expression. The Bauhaus legacy is manifested in the works of artists who challenge the boundaries between the arts and create performances that engage audiences in a unique and exciting experience. The Bauhaus laid the foundation for a new conception of art and opened up a world of possibilities for movement and performance art, leaving an indelible mark on the history of art and creative expression.